Abstract Expressionism was a dominant trend in the western painting throughout the 1950s. It began with a handful of American artists - their paintings were often made of shapes, lines, and forms which were not meant to depict a "reality" from the visible world but rather to express spiritual and emotional truths in the most direct way. These artists often used a spontaneous and physical process in order to present an immediate response to emotion. Their mentors were artists who fled Europe during World War II for America such as Max Ernst and Piet Mondrian.
Saffron by Mark Rothko
There is something so spectacular about this color. It radiates warmth and well being like no other color does. It feels fresh and spicy, yet familiar and comfortable. Mark Rothko let this brilliant color shine like no other in his painting 'Saffron' - isn't it beautiful?
מארק רותקו שלח יד בנפשו לאחר מאבק ארוך עם מחלת הדיכאון והשכרות. הציור המופלא Saffron (צהוב-כתום וגם זעפרן) הוא מלא עצמה וכוח, חיוניות ושלווה, חום ובריאות. מוזר - מה היה בגאון הזה שאיפשר לו לבטא את כל מה שלא היה בו? רותקו השתייך לחבורת האמנים שנודעה בשם "אסכולת ניו-יורק" וייסדה למעשה את זרם האקספרסיוניזם המופשט באמנות בתחילת שנות החמישים של המאה ה-20. תראו אותם:
The Abstract Expressionists group - 1950
The Abstract Expressionists were a group of very different and individual artists, many of whom came together in New York's Greenwich Village. In the historic picture above, they protest against their exclusion from a New York exhibition in 1950. Back row: Willem de Kooning, Adolph Gottlieb, Ad Reinhardt and Hedda Sterne; middle row: Richard Pousette-Dart, William Baziotes, Jackson Pollock, Clyfford Still, Robert Motherwell and Bradley Walker Tomlin; front row: Theodoros Stamos, Jimmy Ernst, Barnett Newman, James Brooks, and Mark Rothko.
"The triumph of American Painting" is a seminal book in the history of the Abstract Expressionists art movement. Irving Sandler represents the work of the founders of the group, analyses the background of this important art movement and describes, in a very clear and readable way, the various nuances in their non-representational approach to painting.
Hardcover: 317 pages, 24 illustration in color,
200 in black and white
Publisher: Pall Mall Press; 1st illustrated edition (1970)
ISBN-10: 0269027432 / 0-269-02743-2
Mark Rothko (1903 - 1970) was one of a small group of great artists who established New York as the dominate center of world art in the 1950s. At his death in 1970 Rothko left an immense store of paintings which became the subject of a celebrated lawsuit that brought the artist, his work and his associates into the public eye. The paintings were eventually divided between the family and a trust - The Rothko Foundation which has then distributed its shares to a number of museums (mostly in the U.S.A) including the Tate Gallery.
Mark Rothko 1903 - 1970 in the Tate Gallery by Irving Sandler
This book records the Rothko's retrospective exhibition at the Tate (June - September 1987) which is considered the best and most comprehensive exhibition of Rothko's paintings. The major part of the loans are works from the artist's family and formerly in the possession of the Rothko Foundation. Over ninety works are included, principally of the period from the mid 1940s to the end of Rothko's life, plus about twenty works on paper. All reproductions are in color.
The artist monograph includes a comprehensive introduction by Irving Sandler and essays by Michael Compton (The subject of the Artist), Robert Rosenblum (Notes of Rothko and Tradition) and a great article (Rothko) by David Sylvester accompanied by five other contributions, among them selected statements by Rothko edited by Bonnie Clearwater along with writings by Rothko, List of works , comprehensive color plates, and selected bibliography.
Paperback: 205 pages, 93 full-page illustration in color,
20 in black and white
Publisher: The Tate Gallery, London, 1st edition (1987)
ISBN-10: 0946590621 / 0-946590-62-1
Willem De Kooning by Harold Rosenberg
Item: B1008 - Abstract Expressionism Irving Sandler